It’s happened to all of us at one time or another — from grammar school all the way up through to our careers: we’re placed into a new team to complete a project, and something just doesn’t click.
Suddenly, a group of people who are ordinarily competent and diligent can’t seem to get anything done. Deadlines whiz past like the scenery outside a high speed train and projects sink toward failure.
Why is that? What is it that turns teams into dysfunctional groups of people? I’ve identified nine key factors that can turn an otherwise competent team into a sinking mess:
1 – Ego.
When someone’s ego is more important than the team, the project, or the goal, things break down quickly. This can happen when one person is more interested in “looking good” for the boss than getting the work done, when someone is always placing blame, or when someone feels and acts like they are too good to do the necessary work.
2 – Negative competition.
Lighthearted competition can be a good thing, especially for certain kinds of teams. In a sales team, for example, individual members can be motivated by gamifying their work with a leaderboard or bonuses for high performance. But when competition goes too far, it can destroy a sense of teamwork and create a “you versus me” atmosphere that isn’t good for anyone.
3 – Poor communication.
When the left hand doesn’t know what the right hand is doing, it causes all sorts of problems: duplicate work, forgotten work, missed deadlines, etc. Communication is absolutely key to a team that works.
4 – Micromanagement.
When employees have to get approval or sign-off on every single thing they do, it slows down the workflow considerably. Team leaders need to be able to trust employees to make the right choices, and employees need to feel comfortable asking for help when they need it. The right balance here is key.
5 – Criticism without praise.
I’ve known managers in my career whose entire management philosophy was to criticise everything and rarely if ever dole out praise. I think you can imagine how well that went over with their team. Constructive criticism (keyword: constructive) is vital to helping employees grow, but generous and well timed praise is also important for maintaining enthusiasm and morale.
6 – Unreasonable expectations.
As a member of a team, nothing feels worse than the sinking feeling of knowing that you will never reach your targets, no matter how hard you work. Goals that are a stretch and require a lot of the team are good, but goals that are way out of reach are depressing. It won’t make employees work harder; it will make them want to give up.
7 – Half-hearted work.
Having one or more member of the team who only puts in half an effort — showing up late, leaving early, checking email all day, etc. — has a decidedly negative impact on the whole team. It’s important that everyone is putting in a full, equal effort.
8 – Stubbornness.
When members of a team adopt a “my way or the highway” approach, no one benefits. When working in a team, everyone needs to be open to new ideas, new approaches, and experimentation — even, and perhaps especially, the leader. Just because you’ve always done it that way doesn’t mean that’s the best way to do it.
9 – Leading with emotions.
Instinct, emotions, and gut feelings all have their place, but bringing emotions too much into the team can have a deleterious effect. A team member who always feels spurned when his idea isn’t chosen, who sees slights (real and imagined) in every interaction, or who takes home the stress and anxiety about a project may be bringing too many emotions into the workplace.
Credit: Bernard Marr | Internationally best-selling author; keynote speaker.
Pineapples, as colorful as they are are mostly found cultivated in Hawaii in the united states of America among other countries like the Philippines. Pineapple also known as pina in Spanish is a fruit that looks similar to a pinecone. It is cylindrical in shape with either green brown or yellowish scale. It shows its majestic nature by having a regal crown of somewhat spiky green leaves. Pineapples belong to the species Ananas comosus .
Pineapples are a rich source of nutrients such as minerals and antioxidants. Pineapples contain protein-digesting enzymes in the stem and core. These enzymes are found in bromelain which is a mixture of the substances found in the stem and core. Excessive coagulation of blood, excessive inflammation and certain types of tumor growth has been shown to be reduced by small doses of bromelain available in dietary supplements
Pineapples also contain antioxidants like vitamin c that defends the body against free radicals that attack and damage normal cells. Vitamin c also helps in building and maintaining a healthy immune system to prevent against infections.
It also contains other minerals like manganese which is essential for energy production and vitamin B which acts as a cofactor in reactions that produce energy for the body.
It also contains carotenoids that help in good vision or eyesight especially in adults.
NB : Cut pineapples can last for about six days if well stored before going bad.
In the summertime, watermelons are no less than a blessing. These giant big balls bring back the fond memories from childhood of digging our hands into its fleshy goodness and eventually spilling them all over in the process of eating them. And, of course the silly joke that a tree would come out of our mouth if we swallow its seed. Watermelon’s high water content and nutritional value make it a popular choice during summer. It is a rich source of vitamins A, B6 and C, lycopene, antioxidants and amino acids.
We dug around a little and found out amazing benefits of eating this delicious fruit. Read on to know more.
RICHEST SOURCE OF LYCOPENE
Watermelons are rich in lycopene which is a strong antioxidant. Lycopene is a carotenoid which provides the red colour to the fruit.
1. Cardiovascular health by improving blood flow.
2. Protects the skin from the harmful effect of the UV rays.
3. Has the ability to reduce the level of LDL, aka bad cholesterol.
4. Improves bone health by reducing oxidative stress, and are emerging as an alternative natural treatment for the prevention and management of osteoporosis.
CLEANSES THE KIDNEYS
Due to its high water and mineral content, watermelon aids in keeping kidneys healthy. Potassium present in watermelons removes toxic elements from the body and abandons renal calculi and reduces the percentage of uric acid present in the blood.
HELPS REDUCE WEIGHT
It’s high on water and mineral content, fat-free, very low in sodium and low in calories which make it a healthy snack that keeps you full.
HELPS COMBAT CANCER
Watermelon is rich in many antioxidants and flavonoids which gives protection against some types of cancers like colon, breast, lung, pancreatic etc.
GOOD FOR EYESIGHT
Watermelon is a rich source of beta-carotene, which the body converts into Vitamin A. It is also a source of vitamin C, which keeps you away from infections.
PREVENTS HEAT STROKE
Summer is infamous for its heat stroke and dehydration, which leads to severe health problems. Watermelon with its high water content comes as a saviour to protect you from dehydration.
REMOVES MUSCLE SORENESS
Watermelon juice helps reduce muscle soreness and heart rate. Therefore, it is popular with athletes before a workout session.
Asthma patients world over have benefitted from Vitamin C and watermelons have very high in Vitamin C.
AIDS IN DIGESTION
Watermelon is high on fibre thus helps to prevent constipation and help maintain a healthy digestive tract.
Picture Credit: supermarket.com
#Psychology :The Science Behind Our Liking Everything Online
We’ve all done it: grazed through our Facebook newsfeeds and impulsively hit the like button.
But beyond the fact that it’s so easy to use, what exactly is it that we find so irresistible about this tiny, seemingly innocuous function? And why are we so compelled to like people, updates and media online?
According to Facebook, a like is “a way to give positive feedback or to connect with people you care about.” The social-media giant recently released statistics indicating that more than 65 million users like things daily, and although it’s generally more popular among younger users, people of all ages seem to enjoy pressing the like button.
The fact that it’s such a popular element of the platform’s functionality goes a long way in showing how important it is, both for the people clicking the button, and those on the receiving end.
What lies behind our obsession with likes?
Like has become much more than just a positive reaction toward a post or update — it has evolved into feedback toward people. As a rule of thumb, the more likes you get, the more loved you’ll feel. In fact, according to anthropologist Krystal D’Costa, the like button has become so influential as a tool that it can boost or shatter a person’s ego. In effect, it has become “an extension of one’s digital personal.”
Not only that, but other researchers have shown that like-based communication actually decreases the feeling of loneliness, as it conveys a sense of empathy and caring. From the sender’s perspective, sending a like can have the same effect as smiling or saying a kind word to someone. It is basically a really easy, low-cost way to communicate positive feedback.
So why do we like things? People send compliments on a daily basis for a whole range of reasons, including rather strategic ones such as wanting to appear nice, to “suck up” or to gain something in return (“You look so nice today … Can I borrow your car?”).
Complimenting a person is literally priceless — it doesn’t cost you anything and it can be accomplished with minimum effort. You don’t even have to mean it. People love to receive compliments even if they are very much aware of its manipulative usage. In fact, taken to its extreme, paying a compliment is a “legitimate” opportunity to lie, which is something that people subconsciously tend to enjoy doing from time to time.
Apart from transmitting a positive signal, the act of liking something is evidence of existence in the online realm. Comments affiliated with the like actually constitute your reputation online, and liking the same things as others within our networks reaffirms our connection with the group by identifying points we hold in common. There is, of course, the hope that a favor will be reciprocated: “I liked your post, now you have to like mine.”
In recent years, the opportunity to like something or somebody has spread outside the boundaries of Facebook to other sites. You can press like after reading a news report, purchasing an accessory or watching a movie. In these cases, liking something is an indication of the consumer’s satisfaction with the product or content, in which the like becomes a way to communicate their views and thoughts to other virtual users that they’ve never met before.
Your likes reveal more about you than you think.
Aside from the positive psychological impact of the Facebook like, as a function, it’s certainly not without its issues. In the spring of 2013, research conducted by psychologists at Cambridge University blew the lid off how this easily accessible digital record of your behaviour can be used (ultimately without your consent) to extract sensitive personal information about you — the kind of information that you might not even share with your closest friends.
In the study, over 58,000 volunteers consensually provided their Facebook likes, detailed demographic profiles and the results of several psychometric tests. Using logistic/linear regression, the researchers were able to predict individual psycho-demographic profiles simply from their likes.
In a nutshell, they found that your likes can reveal everything from your sexual orientation, personality traits and IQ, to your race, age and gender. They can predict your religious and political views, whether your parents are separated, how happy you are and even whether you use addictive substances.
The relationship between like and voice.
What drives people to like things outside the boundaries of Facebook’s walls if the action is not accompanied by a social reward?
Here, the answer lies in the concept of voice. Voice is the opportunity you have to present your opinions in the decision-making process, before a final decision is made. As such, it can enhance your sense of satisfaction with your decision, as well as the process that led to it. Voice is instrumental because it helps you to increase control over the decision-making process, which in turn leads to a better outcome.
Numerous studies conducted both in the lab and in natural settings have shown that having a sense of voice can deepen positive feelings, even when it has no direct impact on a decision.
One such study that was designed to observe the effects of voice on both the sender and receiver found that voice increased satisfaction because it heightened the perceived value of the interaction. The study simulated a negotiation in the context of resource allocation, in which one group of participants was given the opportunity to voice their opinions prior to the final decision, and the other group was not.
The results indicated that in comparison to a no-voice condition, the voice condition (which yielded the same negotiation results) increased satisfaction with the decision, and generated positive feelings towards the process in both the sender and the receiver. This is exactly what the like is all about — it enhances satisfaction as it gives value to the whole engagement process.
Having a voice in the decision-making process has been found to enhance satisfaction on both sides — the side that has the opportunity to voice an opinion (the sender), and the side who hears the voice (the receiver). Pressing like after engaging in a personal activity online (reading an article, purchasing an item, watching a movie) is a way of expressing your voice.
There are two levels to the relationship between like and voice: explicit and implicit. At the explicit level, people press like to voice their positive feedback. At the implicit level, the phenomenon relates to the subconscious level of behavior. People value voice because it suggests that their views are worthy and have a positive impact on their social status and self-worth. The opportunity to voice an opinion is interpreted as an expression of respect and appreciation, and thus creates positive feelings.
Why your site should feature a like button.
Clicking like after reading an article, for example, is similar to saying: “I read this article, and I liked it. I want to express my views on the matter because my opinion is worth mentioning.”
The possibility of sharing your opinion online suggests that someone is interested in what you have to say, which in turn has a positive effect on your sense of self-worth. Moreover, it provides the website with a social context. Having the option to like something signals the presence of a real person on the other side, rather than just a virtual figure. The ability to talk back, send comments or share a link (all of which generate positive impact with minimum effort) has the same psychological effect, which is why an increasing number of websites are choosing to use this technique.
It is also possible to learn about the importance of voice from people’s reactions when there is no voice. The frustration effect refers to circumstances in which, despite the possibility for people express an opinion, the decision-maker does not take those opinions into consideration. In such cases, people typically end up feeling worse than they would have, had they not been asked to voice their opinions in the first place.
Another implication of the like is self-persuasion. Because our actions secretly influence our opinions, clicking like can encourage positive thoughts we might have towards a brand or person. Research has shown that after having people actively present persuasive arguments as part of role play, they tend to express positive views that support that argument. Asking someone to say something, even if it contradicts their own views and opinion, can secretly twist their beliefs into favoring what they are saying. Likewise, even if people are not fond of a particular post, object, person or view, the simple act of clicking like, even when done with no profound intention or conviction, can lead to a rationalization process that will subconsciously make them feel positively about that post, object, person, etc.
The like has become so much more than just a positive reaction we express towards something someone has posted or updated. This simple function has become an incredibly influential tool both for the sender and the receiver. Used in a positive way, it can promote self-esteem, self-worth, feelings of acceptance and online socialization.
Its significance stems from both social incentives, because like affects the way other people perceive us, and individual incentives, because it impacts how we feel about ourselves.
We’ve all probably heard the word “minimalism” or seen pictures that depict the concept. Lately, there has been a lot of fuss about minimalism and it seems as though the masses are starting to appreciate this seemingly trending lifestyle. The real question is, do we all know what being a minimalist entails or we’ve all just jumped unto the bandwagon? This article’s main focus is on minimal interior design but before we delve into that, we need to understand what minimalism really is.
What is minimalism?
Minimalism is the deliberate fostering of the things which we need and value most and the elimination of all others that distract us from it. Simply put, we need to own and possess things that actually just matter and be rid of excesses. Less is more.
Today’s modern culture has forced the majority into believing that possessing a lot makes one’s life better and puts you on a certain high ranking on the social ladder. Unfortunately, most people have become slaves to entitlements, approval and material possessions. This is exactly what minimalism is the opposite of. It promotes the most important aspects of our lives and concurrently reducing the noise surrounding it.
To be a true minimalist, one must be free from the desire to possess.
A minimalist’s room
Okay! On to the fun part. By now, I’m certain most people are judging from what they’ve read that, minimalists are boring and upon entering into one’s room, all you’ll see is a plain colored wall and a tiny table in the corner. Well most pictures on the internet show us that so… Yah! Our homes are places where we spend most of our time and they’re sometimes indicators of the kind of life we really live. Minimalists own pretty things too, just in moderation. Beautiful paintings, a monochrome color scheme (my eyes are actually tearing from imagining this), and neatly arranged spaces *inserts emoji with hearts as eyes*…. You really wouldn’t want more once you decide to go minimal.
I am super obsessed with the idea of having stuff neatly arranged to create more space. Like….how do you even sleep at night with all the junk?
There are so many benefits of being a minimalist and the proper organization of items is the least of it. The rooms are classy, things are easy to find and let’s not even talk about the inner peace you get. Having a junk free room with everything in right proportions and in their right places is therapeutic. Yes, it’s very deep and I’m speaking from the deepest part of my heart.
Minimalism is a process and shouldn’t be rushed. Try the less clutter approach. You can start by donating clothes you don’t use anymore or ones that you own but you know deep down that you’ll never wear. Arrange your stuff neatly. And as much as possible, avoid extras. In the end, simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.
I wish you a happy, healthy clutter-free life!
Ahead of our stage play, #Tribeless, I shared these utterly essential tips with my team and I think it would help you, too.
1. Never forget to add a brief information to any image/video you share. No one may download it.
2. Be mindful of the times you share content on social media, especially, WhatsApp. You become a nuisance if you send too many stuff!
Don’t send pieces too early or too late.
If, for instance, you’ve three different stuff to share, you can share them at a 6 hour interval.
Facebook, Twitter and IG do have peak periods when stuff you share may have the maximum reach. Such peak times include early morning like 7am, mid – afternoon between 12-2pm or evening between 6-8pm.
3. Don’t use shorthand when adding a brief to a content you’ve shared.
4. The brief you add to content you share must be exciting. People are curious. The more excitement/suspense there is in your brief, the more they would dare to download!
5. Don’t unnecessarily tag people on Facebook unless whatever you’re saying concerns them!
6. Don’t use too long hashtags. They’re not only boring but hard to discern, too!
7. As much as you can, don’t send the same content repeatedly to the same person/target group. You may just be blocked soon. Be creative enough!
8. Every social media platform has a specific content it favors. Facebook is for both images and long talk. On Twitter, always be brief. IG is majorly pictures and brevity of speech. Take note.
8. When adding a brief to a video or image you’re sharing, let it be concise. No long talk. Just a line or two. That’s why it’s called a brief!
9. If you can say something better as/with an image, don’t say it without it!
10. Don’t forget specificity in your hashtags. For instance, use #Sept16,17 to make audience know exactly when the date is.
By; Kobina Ansah
Facebook- Kobina Ansah